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Space Shuttle STS-114 Discovery Return to Flight ISS-LF-1 MPLM Raffaello 2005 NASA -

Space Shuttle STS-114 Discovery Return to Flight ISS-LF-1 MPLM Raffaello 2005 NASA por Jeff Quitney   6 anos atrás

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"STS-114 Post Flight Presentation (Sound)
Edited mission highlights video created for playback during the STS-114 (ISS flight LF-1) Post Flight Crew Presentation. Includes: mission patch; crew photo; Commander Eileen Collins and Pilot Jim Kelly as they enter a T-38 aircraft; crew training activities; pre-launch views as the crew suits up for launch; crew walking out of the Operations and Checkout (O&C) building at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC); crew strap into orbiter; launch through external tank (ET) separation; payload bay (PLB) doors opening; crew activities on the shuttle flight deck during rendezvous operations; exterior survey of Discovery; rendezvous including views of the International Space Station (ISS) and approaching shuttle; docking; hatch opening and welcome; quick interior tour of ISS; Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) is lifted from the PLB; extravehicular activity (EVA) preparation activities; EVA views, including the gap filler removal; logistics transfer activities; view of stowage bags in the US Destiny Laboratory; MPLM is uninstalled and berthed in PLB; crew meal and leisure activities; farewell and hatch closure; undocking and ISS fly-around; fun zero-g demonstrations with tools, toys, food and liquid, and sleeping; crew suits up for re-entry; flight deck activities; landing views; and crew exterior shuttle inspection post landing."

NASA film JSC-2013

Public domain film from NASA, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied.
The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization.

STS-114 was the first "Return to Flight" Space Shuttle mission following the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. The Space Shuttle Discovery launched at 10:39 EDT (14:39 UTC), 26 July 2005. The launch, 907 days (approx. 29 months) after the loss of Columbia, was approved despite unresolved fuel sensor anomalies in the external tank; those anomalies had prevented the shuttle from launching on 13 July, its originally scheduled date.

The mission was completed on 9 August 2005. Due to the poor weather at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, the shuttle landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, a secondary landing site.

The problem that resulted in the destruction of Columbia -- debris separating from the external tank during ascent -- unexpectedly recurred during the launch of Discovery. As a result, NASA decided on 27 July 2005 to postpone future shuttle flights pending additional modifications to the flight hardware. On 4 July 2006, NASA resumed shuttle flight with STS-121...

STS-114 marked the return to flight of the Space Shuttle after the Columbia disaster and was the second Shuttle flight with a female commander (Eileen Collins, who also commanded the STS-93 mission). The STS-114 mission was initially to be flown aboard the orbiter Atlantis, but NASA replaced it with Discovery after improperly installed gear was found in Atlantis' braking system. Seventeen years prior, Discovery had flown NASA's previous Return to Flight mission, STS-26.

The STS-114 mission delivered supplies to the International Space Station. However, the major focus of the mission was testing and evaluating new Space Shuttle flight safety techniques, which included new inspection and repair techniques. The crewmembers used the new Orbiter Boom Sensor System (OBSS) -- a set of instruments on a 50-foot (15 m) extension attached to the Canadarm. The OBSS instrument package consists of visual imaging equipment and a Laser Dynamic Range Imager (LDRI) to detect problems with the shuttle's Thermal Protection System (TPS). The crew scanned the leading edges of the wings, the nose cap, and the crew compartment for damage, as well as other potential problem areas engineers wished to inspect based on video taken during lift-off.

STS-114 was classified as Logistics Flight 1. The flight carried the Raffaello Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, built by the Italian Space Agency. Also the External Stowage Platform-2, mounting that to the port side of the Quest Airlock. They deployed MISSE 5 to the station's exterior, and replaced one of the ISS's Control Moment Gyroscopes. The CMG and a TPS Repair Box were carried up on the LMC at the rear of the payload bay.

The crew conducted three spacewalks while at the station. The first demonstrated repair techniques on the Shuttle's Thermal Protection System. During the second, the spacewalkers replaced the failed gyroscope. On the third, they installed the External Stowage Platform and repaired the shuttle, the first time repairs had been carried out during a spacewalk on the exterior of a spacecraft in flight...


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